Canada is a country situated in North America bordered by the United States of America to the south, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Arctic Ocean to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. With the USA being so close to Canada and having an active partnership with the country on many levels, FBI Agents Fox Mulder and Dana Scully's investigations sometimes took them north to Canada.
On another occasion, Agent Mulder was taken to rural Alberta by Jeremiah Smith to see a farm where young Agrarian Drone clones, including those of his sister, cultivated flowering shrubs for pollen. A large apiary was also part of this setting, its bees used in the alien colonization project. (TXF: "Herrenvolk")
After Mulder was secretly released from prison following a bogus trial in 2002, FBI Deputy Director Alvin Kersh told him to drive north and find refuge in Canada. Mulder had other plans and headed south to New Mexico. (TXF: "The Truth")
Behind the scenes
A major part of The X-Files television series was filmed in the Vancouver, British Columbia area and used local talent for its production. The show's first, second, third, fourth and fifth seasons were filmed in British Columbia as well as the 2008 film The X-Files: I Want to Believe. Many important characters of the series were played by Canadian actors, including the Cigarette-Smoking Man (William B. Davis), Alex Krycek (Nicholas Lea), The Lone Gunmen ( Tom Braidwood, Bruce Harwood and Dean Haglund), Jeffrey Spender (Chris Owens) and Samantha Mulder (Vanessa Morley and Megan Leitch). Season 10 was also filmed in Canada.